About Ramadan


What is Ramadan?

This question comes to our mind many times when we come across the word Ramadan. The answer to this question is, Ramadan is the ninth month of Islamic calander. It is a belief that in the month of Ramadan the Holy book of Muslims, Quran was sent down from heaven as guidance for men and also as a direction and a means to Salvation.

Ramadan is the month of fast. The entire month Muslims fast with no water and food during the daytime.Muslims have food only before the sunrises and after the sunsets. The day starts with eating of the suhoor. Suhoor is the meal eaten by the Muslims who fast before the sun rises. Once suhoor is done then Muslims who fast cannot eat or drink the whole day. In the evening when the sun sets then they have another meal called If tar. To open the fast they pray and have Iftar meal. Once Iftar is over Muslims visit their relative’s house and early in the morning sets back to the fast.

Ramadan Definitions

Ramadan definitions mean how can one tell what is Ramadan in one line or maximum three lines. The lines used should be able to describe what Ramadan is exactly. There can be several ways in which Ramadan can be defined.

  1. The ninth month of Muslim lunar calendar.
  2. The month of fasting from dawn to dusk for Muslims.
  3. The month of 29 to 30 days fast.
  4. The month for worship and meditation and spending less time on daily life activities.
  5. The fourth pillar of Islam.
  6. Holy month of Muslims to fast during daylight.
  7. The month of purification for Muslims.
  8. Celebrations of Eid-Ul-Fitr are followed after Ramadan.
  9. The month to read entire holy book Quran.
  10. The month of devotion to Allah for Muslims.
  11. The month to recite special prayer called the taraweeh prayer (night prayer) apart from five daily prayers.
  12. The sacred month out of the twelve months in a year for Muslims.
  13. June 28th to July 27, 2014 approximately appears to be the Ramadan month 2014.
  14. The month to abstain from food, water and sexual activities for Muslims.
  15. Month celebrated by Muslims generally in the months like October, November or December of every year.
  16. The ninth month of Islamic calendar

Hence there can be number definitions that can be used to define Ramadan and give a brief layout in a single line about what Ramadan is?

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Information About Ramadan

  • Islamic religion defines evil in terms of anger, envy, greed, lust, malice, gossiping etc strictly.
  • Sexual intercourse is prohibited during the fasting period.
  • Purity is maintained at physical as well as mental level. The ritual of fasting is named as Sawm, which is again an Arabic term.

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Ramadan Rituals

There is a stark difference between how Sunni Muslims perform Ramadan rituals and how Shia Muslims do.

  • Sunni Muslims attempt to recite the whole Quran at one go via specialeid ul fitr prayer ceremony, which they have named as 'Tarawih'. This goes on during the entire month of Ramadan. Whereas, Shia Muslims call the same practice as 'Bidah' and beware all not to perform it. Rather, they perform 'Qiyam-al-layl' or 'Tahajjud' at every night of the month. 
  • The holy month of Ramadan is divided into three parts:Rahmat, Maghfirat and Nijat. While Rahmat means "mercy of God, Maghfirat means "forgiveness of God" and Nijat means "salvation". As their meaning suggest, Muslims (followers of the holy Quran), ask for Allah's blessings to make their life meaningful. There in lies the significance of Ramadan. 

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During Ramadan

Ramadan, the month of fast basically involves devotion of Muslims towards God. Muslims visit mosque and prayer during the entire Ramadan month. During the night they visit their friends and relatives houses and get to fast the next morning.

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Ramadan Prayers

During Ramadan it is made sure that all the Muslims are devoted to worship God rather than any other work. Muslims visit mosque during Ramadan. Apart from the daily five prayers during Ramadan Muslims recite Taraweeh prayer also called the Night prayer. Some of the Muslims are so devoted that they spend the entire night praying. According to Islam Ramadan fast is the way when a Muslim can devote himself to god truly without giving much concern to other activities of the day.

(Prayer) at the Beginning of the Fast

Wa bisawmi ghadinn nawaiytu min shahri ramadan

I intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the month of Ramadan

(Prayer) at the End of the Fast

Allahumma inni laka sumtu wa bika aamantu wa alayka tawakkaltu wa ala rizq-ika-aftartu

O Allah! I fasted for You and I believe in You and I put my trust in You and I break my fast with Your sustenance


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Rules Of Ramadan

  • Ramadan, the holy month of Muslims and the ninth month of Islamic calendar is the month of fasting for the Muslims. Ramadan is said to be the month of Allah. Fasting is supposed to be one of the five pillars (duties) of Islam, which a Muslim should follow.
  • Ramadan involves fasting during the daytime, saying no to food, drink, smoking and sexual activities. The importance of fasting during Ramadan is clearly known to the Muslims as it is said that:
  • He who fasts during Ramadan with faith and seeks his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven; he who prays during the night in Ramadan with faith and seeks his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven; and he who passes Lailat al Qadr in prayer with faith and seeks his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven.
  • Muslims also have to Abide certain rules and regulations associated with Ramadan. During Ramadan Muslims follow certain conditions, which are said to be Ramadan rules and regulations; some of them are given below:

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Ramadan Duration

Ramadan starts with the sighting of the crescent moon (hilal) and last for a period of one month. When the hilal is visible again at the end of the month, it is the time to celebrate Eid-Ul-Fitr (break the fast).

Ramadan Routine

During Ramadan Muslims have meal twice a day. One before the sunrise and one after the sunset. The meal before sunrise is called the suhoor meal and the meal after the sunset is called the Iftar meal. Muslims fast during the daytime. During Ramadan Muslims spend most of their time in remembering Allah by reciting Ramadan Dua and visiting mosque. Apart from the five daily prayers they also recite Taraweeh prayer, and on Lailatul Qadr, also called as the night of power, when Muslims spend their entire night praying to Allah.

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Exemptions from Ramadan

Being a Muslim it is a duty to carry out Ramadan fast, as it is one of the pillars of Islam, which every Muslim must follow. Also Ramadan is said to be the holy month for Muslims as several believes are associated with it.somehow, some of the conditions exempt some Muslims from Ramadan fast like:

  • Children below twelve years.
  • Muslims who are physically and mentally challenged.
  • Senior Muslim citizen.
  • Muslims who travel for long distances.
  • Pregnant women and nursing mothers.
  • Women who are menstruating.

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After Ramadan

The end of the month of Ramadan is celebrated for three days called the Eid-ul-Fitr .The first day after the Ramadan month is called Shawwal. Eid-ul-fitr is to spread happiness and love all around. Muslims visit their friends and relatives houses to wish Eid-ul-fitr by saying Eid Mubarak.Eid is the festival when all the Muslims wear new clothes exchange sweets and gifts among themselves and have delicious food. This is the time to celebrate after a months fasting for all the Muslims.

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