Eid-E-Milad

Muslims around the world celebrate the Eid E Milad Un Nabi with great enthusiasm as it commemorates the birth of prophet Muhammad, who was born in Arabia on the 12th day of Rabi-ul-Awwal in 571 A.C. The event is celebrated as Eid-e Milad by the Muslim communities.

Mawlid is an Arabic word which means giving birth or delivering a baby and it is from where the name Eid E Milad Un Nabi was derived as it marks the event of the birth of the prophet.

According to a historical account, Eid E Milad Un Nabi was celebrated in 8th century in Mecca when the house, where the prophet was born, was transformed into a prayer house by Al-Khayzuran – the mother of Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Abbasid caliph.

Initially the celebration of the prophet’s birth was limited only to the Shia ruling class and common people weren’t allowed to attend the celebration. One of the earliest mentions of the celebration was found in Egypt where animal sacrifices, public preaching and sermons, and processions were important parts of the celebration.

The first public celebration of the event took place in 12th century Syria and then was spread worldwide among Muslims. It is been given a national holiday status in many countries of the world.

Differences in opinion

There, however, are differences between the Muslim groups about celebrating the Mawlid. One group, which comprises Islamic scholars like Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki, Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri, Tahir-ul-Qadri, Akhtar Raza Khan, is of the opinion that it can be celebrated as long as sharia is followed.

The other group comprising Muhammad Taqi Usmani, and Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd Allah ibn Baaz is against celebrating the event. According to them, companions of Muhammad and, also the earliest generation of Muslims hadn’t observed this event.

Celebration of Mawlid

In many Islamic countries it is one of the major religious celebrations. In some parts of the world the celebration that continues for the first 12 days of the month is called Barah Wafah. During this period gatherings and conferences are organized to discuss the preaching of Quran.

Milad is celebrated in all Muslim countries and also in countries like Britain, Russia, India, Canada etc. Saudi Arabia is the only Muslim nation where it is not a public holiday.

On this day neighborhoods and mosques are decorated with lights and banners. In some places Milad is celebrated in carnival fashion and street processions are organized.

In some countries, especially in East Africa, Eid Melas are organized during this event. People wear new clothes and participate in community prayers. Women apply mehndi on their hands and children receive money as gifts. Food and clothes are distributed among underprivileged. Stories of Muhammad are narrated to children to make them aware of the great prophet.

QaSida al-Burda Sharif, a famous Sufi poem is also recited as a part of the celebration. Apart from the Mohammedan countries huge celebrations take place in India, Kenya, Tanzania, Indonesia etc.

In Indonesia the festivity associated with Mawlid al-nabi has also surpassed the other major Muslim religious festivals of Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. The largest celebrations in Kenya take place in Lamu and Malindi and in Tanzania the same takes place in Zanzibar.

Eid Dates in 2016/2017

Festivals 2016 2017
Eid-ul-Milad 12th December 1st December
Eid-ul-Adha 13th September 1st September
Eid-ul-Fitr 5th July 28th July
Every Muslim ought to perform these duties regardless of where they live and their social repute.

The "Five Pillars of Islam" are:

  • Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith)
  • Salat (Prayer)
  • Zakat (Almsgiving)
  • Sawm (Fasting)
  • Hajj (Pilgrimage)

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The Eid-E-Milad Prayer

"Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber.
La ila-ha ill-lal-lah. Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber. Wa-lilahill hamd"
Means, "Allah is great, Allah is great. There is no god but Allah. Allah is great, Allah is great. And all praises are for Allah" is recited to honor and glorify the greatness of Allah.

There are no people who went astray after having been guided except for indulging in disputation. (al-Tirmidhi)
The Messenger of Allah repeated three times, Those who search deeply for confusing questions have perished.
Do not dispute with your brother, ridicule him, nor promise him and then break your promise. (al-Tirmidhi)